Raspberries are the most profitable berry for business in terms of the ratio of purchase price and demand. Today, it is not a problem to establish a sales market for raspberries of any batch! First of all, raspberries are actively purchased by factories for the production of berry concentrates or jams. Common raspberry varieties bring in $ 20,000 a year from 3 hectares of land. If we are talking about a raspberry tree, then for the same yield indicators, 3 times less land will be required for planting. This means three times less care and 3 times less expenses. The money saved is the money earned!
The shape of the “Raspberry Tree” bush allows you to simplify the harvest at times. From here, we will not once again remind you of the excellent healing properties and high taste of all popular raspberries. We will just consider agricultural techniques and share the secrets of how to get the largest harvest of raspberries from 1 hectare of 25 tons thanks to the raspberry tree.
HIGH-YIELDING BERRY CULTIVATION WITH A RASPBERRY TREE
There are different varieties of raspberry tree: Fairy Tale, Tarusa, Novost Kuzmina and others. To describe an example of a business idea for growing a raspberry tree, let’s take the “Fairy Tale” variety. Consider its attractions, advantages and requirements for caring for the variety. And also we will learn the secrets for obtaining the maximum yield from 1 bush of a raspberry tree – 4-6 kg of berries.
Description of the SKAZKA raspberry tree variety and its features
Now the “Raspberry Tree” has become very popular. This term defines not only the changed shape of the raspberry bush, but also the distinctive features of the cultivation technique of this group of raspberry varieties.
The plant is artificially formed in the shape of a tree, branches are cut off in the right places, which were previously collected from the tops of young branches. As a result of such manipulations, lateral shoots begin to grow intensively. Usually, before the first fall, the scarlet shrub will look more like a small tree sapling. Berries from this tree are much more convenient to pick than from ordinary raspberry bushes. And the plant itself is less sick and gives a high yield. Such a crop can grow up to 1.5-2 m in height, gradually increasing its yield. The roots are very similar to the roots of ordinary trees, which prevents the plant from growing uncontrollably throughout the garden.
Attention! The “Fairy Tale” raspberry tree variety is not demanding in terms of care and does not require strapping, like ordinary raspberries.
The main feature of the raspberry tree is its high yield. The raspberries themselves are very large, look nice and smell good. As for the taste, the fruit is very juicy and sweet. Among other things, these berries are very well suited for transport, because the fruits are quite dense. In addition, they do not fall off the branches of the plant during ripening.
With such positive traits, chopped raspberries are very popular with gardeners. The plant does not take up much space on the territory, rarely gets sick, it does not need much time to leave, and at the same time gives a bountiful and tasty harvest.
RIPENING AND YIELD ON A RASPBERRY TREE
The Skazka variety begins to bear fruit in the second decade of July and lasts until early August. This variety ripens early. As for the harvest, it is very high because you could harvest 25 tons of raspberries from 1 hectare of clean plantations. One shrub gives about 5-6 kg of berries.
The level of winter hardiness of such a culture is mediocre. It is able to withstand temperature drops down to -23 degrees. This plant will withstand drought. “Fairy Tale” is resistant to many major diseases that can affect horticulture, but be careful to maintain proper crop care.
When it comes to using the fruit of this type of raspberry, we can confidently say that the product is very versatile. You can eat the berries fresh, you can also use them to make jams and jams. And you can freeze a certain amount of fruit, which is then ideal for use as a flavor and flavor preservative.
HOW TO CHOOSE RASPBERRY TREE SEEDLINGS WHEN BUYING
Pay attention to the condition of the seedlings before purchasing. Because, unfortunately, quite often a dishonest seller can offer painful and weakened shoots that grow in previously abandoned places after varieties of remontant raspberries. Therefore, when buying seedlings, several recommendations should be considered:
- The best solution is to buy raspberry bushes from specialized garden shops or nurseries. They usually value their reputation and only offer high quality planting materials.
- You can also buy seedlings from neighbors in the same area or from friends. Here you can immediately see the mother plants from which the planting material was purchased.
- If the purchase takes place on the market, you should definitely make sure that the seller has the relevant documents for the product you are purchasing.
- It is necessary to exclude the purchase of seedlings somewhere near the road, because it is difficult to identify the variety or the quality of the plants only by their appearance.
CHOOSING THE RIGHT SPOT UNDER A CRIMSON TREE
Before you plant the Fairy Tale raspberry tree and start taking care of it, you must choose the right place where the crop will grow faster and bear fruit better.
It should be noted that this plant likes a well-lit area, not shade. Also, Attention, that the place is not covered with strong gusts of wind and drafts, otherwise the raspberry plant develops very slowly and may even die. You should also immediately think about how the raspberries will overwinter. In particular, it should be understood that in winter the plant will be well covered with snow. If not, then you will have to bend the branches to the ground in winter, protecting them from frost.
Optimal planting on a slope where there is no running or ground water. In order for the plant to grow quickly and begin to bear fruit, choose a slightly acidic or neutral soil, keeping in mind good dehydration.
Attention! Raspberry culture thrives in an area where tomatoes or potatoes used to grow. It is better if the predecessors are legumes or rapeseed.
PREPARING A PLACE FOR PLANTING RASPBERRIES
Since the shrub grows very widely, it will need to provide ample space. The soil will need fertility, before planting it will need to be fertilized with fertilizer or humus. The priority fertilizer for raspberries is chicken manure, but not fresh, otherwise it will immediately be taken up by a crust and compacted. If there is no organic matter, you can also use mineral fertilizers. The complete absence of organic and mineral fertilizers will negatively affect the rate of ripening of raspberries.
Attention! The soil under the raspberries is drained after about 10 years, after which it will be necessary to transplant the berry crops to another place. The plant will be restored to plant new raspberry bushes in about 5 years.
RASPBERRY PLANTING PROCESS
Raspberries easily adapt to the ground and are not particularly demanding to care for. Therefore, planting can be carried out in the fall as well as in the spring. If the choice falls in the spring, it is necessary to plant raspberries in the garden in the second half of April, if in autumn it is better to plant raspberry trees in the first days of October or in the last days of September.
First, you must prepare 50 x 50 cm holes. The distance between the holes for planting a raspberry tree should be at least 1 meter. Mature plants should have enough room for branches to grow. Then the roots of the cuttings should be immersed for a few minutes to a previously diluted manure solution, and then the bushes should be planted. The roots should be carefully straightened, avoiding folds and bends, and then they should be laid in the ground and sprinkled with soil.
Experienced gardeners recommend sowing raspberries in the spring, not in the fall, because during this period the plants will survive faster and easier. But in this case, Attention to take into account the fact that planting should be carried out before the development of buds on raspberry fathoms. If the choice fell on an autumn planting, then the soil around each bush should be huddled, thereby protecting the lower buds from frost.
Interesting fact! Due to the fact that the raspberry flower is lowered and has the shape of a dome, the bee is under the dome while collecting nectar, so its work can continue even in the rain. Thanks to the hardworking bees who collect the nectar, the raspberry yield increases by 60-100%.
SEASONAL CARE FOR A RASPBERRY TREE
After planting Skazka raspberry tree saplings in an open field, you should also remember to take care of the yield, since a remontant crop requires several important breeding methods.
In particular, in the spring, the soil around the plant should be loosened using a pitchfork about 8 cm deep. In addition, tree trunks should be covered with peat, straw or a well-decomposing fertilizer. A layer of droppings should be provided with a thickness of about 10 cm. Fresh shoots should be completely removed.
One of the most important aspects of caring for your raspberry crop is getting plenty of water. Pour a bucket of water into each plant once a week. Especially carefully monitor soil moisture should be at the stage of binding and ripening of fruits. However, care should be taken to ensure that water does not stagnate in tree trunks, especially in rain. Indeed, in this case, root rot is inevitable.
In the fall every year, 3 or 4 buckets of manure should be placed under the raspberry bushes. If there is no fertilizer, it can be replaced with a mixture of peat and urea. As for the top dressing containing nitrogen, there is no need to use them, because they give nothing but side, sterile branches.
The raspberry tree is in great need of additional nutrition in the first days of July, when the raspberries begin to ripen. At this stage, it is necessary to produce organic and mineral fertilizers. When preparing plants for wintering in October, you need to fertilize the land with manure or humus in the amount of 5-6 kg per 1 sq. You need to cover the ground with a 7 cm thick organic layer and then sprinkle it with 2 cm of fertile soil.
Interesting fact! According to research, raspberries began to multiply as a culture as early as the ancient Romans. Cato the Elder mentioned raspberries as fruits as early as the third century BC.
At the beginning of the spring warming, immediately after the snow thaw, raspberry bushes should be treated with fungicides. With their help, you can protect berries from gray rot, septoria, rust, etc. Well-proven liquid Bordeaux 3%. Repeat this procedure in October.
Raspberry tree does not need branch support! Repaired raspberry varieties such as Skazka have strong stem thickening so that it can be grown without using any branch support.
However, pruning of the Skazka raspberry tree is a must. In fact, the procedure is no different from the same caution for regular raspberries. When cutting, remove any old and diseased stems that are no longer bearing fruit. Many gardeners use the double pruning method, which means that only one shoot is left during pruning. In the last days of May or at the beginning of June, it is necessary to cut shoots 1 m long to 10-15 cm. Thus, at the end of summer it forms a compact bush with 5-6 lateral branches. In this form, the raspberry tree will winter well.
Re-pruning is carried out in late spring, after all the leaves have blossomed. This usually occurs in the second or third decade of May. The shoot should be shortened by about 5-12 cm.
If a frosty winter is expected, the raspberry branch should bend to the ground after fruiting. It is also necessary to cover the shoots with breathable agrofiber. If you do not follow such an important procedure, the branches after frost will become brittle and fragile, and sometimes they can die.
Raspberry wood loves light and warmth, but does not require unnecessarily expensive maintenance. It is extremely convenient and pleasant to grow this form of raspberry bush, and the variety itself is able to obtain very abundant yields of high-quality berries that are in demand by all.